Under the U.S. Export Control Act, a license may be required from the Bureau of Industry and Security or the Commerce Department for the export of certain materials. For example, human pathogens, zoonoses, toxins, animal pathogens, genetically modified microorganisms, plant pathogens, radioactive materials, magnetic metals, propellants and ceramic materials. Anyone considering transferring materials controlled by the Commerce Department or the State Department outside the United States should work with UH export control officer Sandy Brown to obtain the necessary license. There are civil and criminal penalties for violations of export management regulations. A copyright transfer contract or a copyright transfer contract is an agreement that transfers the copyright of a work from the copyright holder to another party. It is a legal option for publishers and authors of books, magazines, movies, TELEVISION shows, video games and other commercial artistic works who want to include and use a work of a second creator: for example, a video game developer who wants to pay an artist to draw a boss to enter a game. Another option is to allow the right to include and use the work instead of transferring copyright. In order to facilitate broad access to research resources, the university encourages its researchers to consider depositioning university-owned research tools at permanent storage sites for further distribution. Examples may be entities like Jackson Labs or Addgene. Researchers who identify an interest repository that accepts materials can use MyRA to send an MTA (transfer direction – shipment) to the Office of Sponsored Programs for such filings. For any questions about deposits, please contact 412-624-7419. In the field of academic publishing, copyright transfer contracts generally do not involve remuneration or royalties.
 These agreements are a key element of subscription academic publication and are intended to facilitate the processing of copyright in pure print publishing.  In the era of electronic communications, the benefits of copyright transfer contracts have been called into question and, although they remain the norm, open licenses as used in open access publications have been established as alternatives.  An in-depth MTA protects a researcher`s ability to exploit and publish research, existing and potential intellectual property, and define the use of associated confidential information. The revision of a thorough MTA ensures that the terms of the contract are not in contradiction with the rights granted in other research agreements. When exchanging research materials with other institutions, it is important to understand the context in which these research materials are shared. If our university`s research material is shared with another organization that uses these materials for a research project of its own conception, where our university is neither intellectual nor practical, this transfer would most likely be as an outgoing MTA.